Saturday, October 12, 2019
Psychology :: essays research papers
Psyc 3331 Psychology of Gender NotesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 02.02.05 Chapter 1 Key Terms Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Androcentric bias: discipline of psychology that is largely focused on men and describes men as superior and women as inferior. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Bias in Research Methods: bias occurs in every part of the research process-from question formulation and research design to data analysis and interpretation Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Blatant sexism: occurs when women are treated in a transparently harmful and unequal way. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Covert sexism: form of sexism thatÃ¢â¬â¢s intentional, hidden, and often hostile. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Cultural approach: origins of gender stereotyping from a sociocultural perspective where children are socialized to act according to their culture. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Cultural feminism: emphasizes characteristics and qualities of women that are devolved and ignored in society. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Division 35: APAÃ¢â¬â¢s division of the psychology of women (est.1973) Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Engendering psychology: a psychology which gender considerations are mainstreamed throughout the discipline. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Evolutionary psychology: developed by Wilson; psychological traits are selected through evolution Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Feminism: belief that women and men are equal and should be equally valued and have equal rights. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 1st wave feminism: began in 1903 with the founding of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s social and political union Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã gender: different between boys and girls and women and men are averaged in societyÃ¢â¬â¢s social interact; based on a composed set of traits, interests, and behaviors. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Gender schema: structures that allow a person to organize information related to gender by linking gender labels to objects, traits, and behaviors. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Gender stereotypes: cognitive representation of males and females; organized set of beliefs of psychological traits and characteristics as well as activities appropriate to men or women. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Liberal feminism: focuses on equality of women and men Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã MenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement: includes military, political, religion, and economic events that have benefited men Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Radical feminism: focuses on control of women by men; based on belief that menÃ¢â¬â¢s oppression of women is primary and serves as a model for all other oppression Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Science: knowledge based activity that depends on facts accumulated through systematic and objective questioning, hypothesis testing, methodological study, analysis, and presentation. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sex: biological difference in the genetic composition and reproductive structures and functions of men and women Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sex discrimination: harmful and unequal treatment of individuals due to their sex. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sexism: differential treatment of individuals based on their sex; subordination of women and assumption of the superiority of men solely on the basis of sex or gender Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Social constructionism: view by Foucault that human behavior determined by historical, cultural, and social conditions Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Socialist feminism: focuses on social relations and how social institutions preserve and promote male dominance. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sociobiology (Evolutionary Psychology): theory by Wilson that holds that psychological traits are selected through an evolutionary process; adaptive traits are selected because they serve to perpetuate the species.
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