Saturday, October 12, 2019

Psychology :: essays research papers

Psyc 3331 Psychology of Gender Notes  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  02.02.05 Chapter 1 Key Terms †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Androcentric bias: discipline of psychology that is largely focused on men and describes men as superior and women as inferior. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Bias in Research Methods: bias occurs in every part of the research process-from question formulation and research design to data analysis and interpretation †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Blatant sexism: occurs when women are treated in a transparently harmful and unequal way. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Covert sexism: form of sexism that’s intentional, hidden, and often hostile. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Cultural approach: origins of gender stereotyping from a sociocultural perspective where children are socialized to act according to their culture. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Cultural feminism: emphasizes characteristics and qualities of women that are devolved and ignored in society. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Division 35: APA’s division of the psychology of women (est.1973) †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Engendering psychology: a psychology which gender considerations are mainstreamed throughout the discipline. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Evolutionary psychology: developed by Wilson; psychological traits are selected through evolution †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Feminism: belief that women and men are equal and should be equally valued and have equal rights. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  1st wave feminism: began in 1903 with the founding of women’s social and political union †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  gender: different between boys and girls and women and men are averaged in society’s social interact; based on a composed set of traits, interests, and behaviors. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Gender schema: structures that allow a person to organize information related to gender by linking gender labels to objects, traits, and behaviors. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Gender stereotypes: cognitive representation of males and females; organized set of beliefs of psychological traits and characteristics as well as activities appropriate to men or women. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Liberal feminism: focuses on equality of women and men †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Men’s movement: includes military, political, religion, and economic events that have benefited men †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Radical feminism: focuses on control of women by men; based on belief that men’s oppression of women is primary and serves as a model for all other oppression †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Science: knowledge based activity that depends on facts accumulated through systematic and objective questioning, hypothesis testing, methodological study, analysis, and presentation. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Sex: biological difference in the genetic composition and reproductive structures and functions of men and women †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Sex discrimination: harmful and unequal treatment of individuals due to their sex. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Sexism: differential treatment of individuals based on their sex; subordination of women and assumption of the superiority of men solely on the basis of sex or gender †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Social constructionism: view by Foucault that human behavior determined by historical, cultural, and social conditions †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Socialist feminism: focuses on social relations and how social institutions preserve and promote male dominance. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Sociobiology (Evolutionary Psychology): theory by Wilson that holds that psychological traits are selected through an evolutionary process; adaptive traits are selected because they serve to perpetuate the species.

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